Source Themes

Who is really "left behind"? Half a century of gender differences in the school-to-work transitions of low-educated youth

At a time of growing expectations about educational attainment, young people who did not complete upper-secondary schooling can easily be "left behind"" to face risks of social exclusion. Being able to make a rapid and successful transition into a …

Being working poor or feeling working poor? The role of work intensity and job stability for subjective poverty

Low work intensity and high job instability are crucial micro-determinants of in-work poverty. Importantly, they might also affect subjective poverty in households that are above the poverty threshold. We contribute to the literature by studying the …

Navigating the early career. The social stratification of young workers' employment trajectories in Italy

This paper contributes to the debate on early-career precariousness and inequalities against the backdrop of labour market deregulation. The analyses focus on a cohort of young Italian workers who entered the labour market after the deregulatory …

Individual and household in-work poverty in Europe. understanding the role of labor market characteristics

The article presents an analysis of the association between labor market characteristics related to female employment and the prevalence of in-work poverty. We compare two relative measures of in-work poverty. The individual definition refers to …

An example preprint / working paper

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The Heterogeneity of Partnership Trajectories to Childlessness in Germany

In recent decades, childlessness has increased across many European countries. In addition to socioeconomic characteristics, having a partner is considered a prerequisite in most fertility studies. Yet, still little is known about the partnership …

Did you realize your preferences for early retirement? Insights on the agency-within-structure mechanism across welfare regimes

According to the individualization of the life-course hypothesis, a largest set of institutionalized options available should facilitate individuals in realizing their preferences for the timing of life-course transitions. This study contributes to …

Hard times. Labor-market outcomes of early school leavers in Italy before and after the crisis [Tempi difficili. Le condizioni occupazionali degli early school leavers in Italia prima e dopo la crisi]

The article investigates the employment conditions of young early school leavers in Italy in the aftermath of the economic crisis, a period which was marked by a process of occupational downgrading. The empirical analyses rely on the 2005 and 2014 …

Estimating the Relationship between Time-varying Covariates and Trajectories. The Sequence Analysis Multistate Model Procedure

Lavoratori o lavoratrici povere? Disuguaglianze di genere nel mercato del lavoro in Europa.

The article analyses gender inequalities in the probability of being working poor by considering the effect of macro-level labour market characteristics related to the unfavourable conditions women experience when being employed. In Europe, women are …